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And after that, the Christmas meal began. At the same time, it was necessarily taken into account that the souls of deceased ancestors can come to the house on this day. So many utensils were placed on the table, but it was not possible to use sharp objects, taking into account those people who died this year, or, for example, as the war is now, taking into account those who are currently on the road, somewhere far away. Later, this tradition began to change. Each new religion tries to either destroy the previous one, or level it, or conquer it. We are seeing a transformation. Instead of the Sun, we have the Star of Bethlehem. Accordingly, carolers already go with Zora, not with Sonechka. Instead of pre-Christian carols, we have Christian carols. The Saints appear, the same kutya and twelve dishes appear, symbolizing initially the number of months, and later the number of Saints.


Вечером подростковые девочки поодиночке или вместе обходили дома соседей и родственников, чтобы укорениться. Это было отдельное предновогоднее действие, в котором участвовали только девушки:
Я маленькая девочка,
У меня платьице рябенькое.
Я не знаю ни "аз", ни "буки",
Поэтому подарите что-нибудь в руки!
Пришли щедровать в ваш дом.
Щедрый вечер, добрый вечер!
Здесь живет хозяин – богатства обладатель.
Щедрый вечер, добрый вечер!
А его богатство-золотые руки.
Щедрый вечер, добрый вечер!
А его потеха-хорошие дети.
Щедрый вечер, добрый вечер.

From the beginning, carolers symbolized the dead who followed the sun, and kutya was a symbol of honoring ancestors. The head of the department of folkloristics of the Institute of Philology of the Kyiv National University named after T. Shevchenko, associate professor Olesya Naumovska, told about this on the air of Radio Kultura. She also told why carolers, according to tradition, change clothes, and when New Year's trees appeared in homes.