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новыи рк бжыт андри кок рздвиан псн новоркгн псн ксл ксф0джYYв50г_8MKIмн4т вы гтмл


In addition, in pre-Christian times, such events required a certain sacrifice. In ancient times, when human sacrifices had already been abandoned, it was necessary to sacrifice what was valuable to God. And cattle were valuable at that time. And thus we proceed to the rite of "driving the goat". That is, cattle were sacrificed, which was then replaced by baking cookies in the form of Christmas cattle. Why in ancient times carolers were associated with the afterlife At this time, the border between the worlds becomes so thin that there is a transition between them. It is also connected with honoring the dead. On the one hand, the dead were treated with tremendous respect and honor, as if they welcomed this transition. On the other hand, it is a little scary. We had to somehow protect ourselves from them.


"В то время, когда не было ни земли, ни неба, только одно синее море - среди этого моря стояло два дуба, а на дубах сидели два голуба; голуби спустились на дно моря, достали песка и камня, из которых и создались земля, небо и небесные светила". Мифологический сюжет, отраженный в этой старинной колядке, существовал еще в эпоху скифов: на бронзовом рельефе из скифского кургана есть и дерево с птицами, и солнце, и луна. Подобные сюжеты можно найти и на украинских вышитых полотенцах вплоть до начала XX века.

Why carolers dress up as animals, foreigners and otherworldly creatures According to the idea of ancient people, the other world is, as it were, this world turned upside down. And accordingly, the representatives of that world are the same as us, but a little different. And accordingly, the carolers changed their clothes according to categories - "alien", otherworldly. It could not be a person, but an animal, that's how those animal images appeared in groups of carolers. It could be "strangers" by category - foreigner, that's how we have, for example, "German". These may not be people, but in general – demonic beings, so the carolers wrapped their hands with straw, stood on stilts or, conversely, squatted down, spoke in very deep, low voices, or, on the contrary, very squeaky.