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Когда спускалась Заря, начиналось празднование. В это время, во-первых, заносили в дом Дидуха. Под стол, под скатерть, под блюдо – кутью – клали солому, эту соломенную бабу, которая в нынешней трактовке уже символизирует ясли, в которых родился Христос. А первоначально, вероятно, это был символ зерна, богатого урожая. На углы стола ставили зубчики чеснока – обереги от нечистой силы. Начиналось все именно с Дидуха. Никто не садился за стол, пока отец не вносил в дом этого Дидуха.
Christmas carols always begin with cosmogonic carols about the creation of the World, and then praise all family members with personal wishes for each. It has recently been established that songs have their own energy. Interestingly, the oldest Ukrainian songs have great energy. And the most interesting thing is that the greatest energy is precisely in carols and Christmas gifts. It is recorded in Roman chronicles that this is such an ancient rite of the Etruscans that only the most gifted Magi comprehend its original essence. And this means that the age of these songs is at least 5000-7000 years. It is interesting that the bounties were preserved only in Ukraine. The ancient customs and rites of our people are beginning to return from oblivion and silence. Most people still know them very poorly. But there is no present without the past.
In addition, in pre-Christian times, such events required a certain sacrifice. In ancient times, when human sacrifices had already been abandoned, it was necessary to sacrifice what was valuable to God. And cattle were valuable at that time. And thus we proceed to the rite of "driving the goat". That is, cattle were sacrificed, which was then replaced by baking cookies in the form of Christmas cattle. Why in ancient times carolers were associated with the afterlife At this time, the border between the worlds becomes so thin that there is a transition between them. It is also connected with honoring the dead. On the one hand, the dead were treated with tremendous respect and honor, as if they welcomed this transition. On the other hand, it is a little scary. We had to somehow protect ourselves from them.